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The Victory Stele of Naram-sîn, c. 2250 BC
Fragment from the Victory Stele of Naram-sîn, c. 2250 BC
Fragment from the Victory Stele of Naram-sîn, c. 2250 BC
Naram-sîn, c. 2250 BC
Inscription on The Victory Stele of Naram-sîn, c. 2250 BC
June 18, 2016 at 11:25pm

Excerpt (4,268 years ago):

"Naram-Sin the powerful . . . . Sidur and Sutuni, princes of the Lulubi, gathered together and they made war against me."

Victory Stele of Naram-Sin

Naram-Sin (meaning "Beloved of Sin"; reigned ca. 2254–2218 BCE) was a ruler of the Akkadian Empire. This stele is 4,200 years old and comemmorates his victory over the Lullubi, a mountain people from the Zagros Mountains.

About 1,100 years later, a king (Shutruk-Nahhunte, 1158 BC) of the conquered Lulubi people conquered Akkad in turn and carried off Naram-Sin's stele! Separated by a thousand years, Shutruk-Nahhunte added his own inscription to Naram-Sin's stele:


"I am Shutruk-Nahhunte, son of Hallutush-Inshushinak, beloved servant of the god Inshushinak, king of Anshan and Susa, enlarger of my realm, protector of Elam, prince of Elam. At the command of [the god] Inshusinak, I struck down the city of Sippar. I took the stele of Naram-Sin in my hand, and I carried it off and brought it back to Elam. I set it up in dedication to my lord, Inshusinak."

Naram-Sin's stele was lost again, but about 600 years later another king (Nabonidus, 556–539 BC) found it.

"I sought for its old foundation-stone, and eighteen cubits deep I dug into the ground, and the foundation-stone of Naram-Sin, the son of Sargon, which for 3200 years no king who had gone before me had seen, the Sun-god, the great lord of E-Babara, the temple of the seat of the goodness of his heart, let me see, even me."
-- King Nabonidus, last king of Babylon, 556–539 BC, said this on finding Naram-sîn's foundation stone.
-- The Sippara Inscription of Nabonidus, col. ii. 56 seq